Petroleum Geology

Petroleum geology is the study of origin, occurrence, movement, accumulation, and exploration of hydrocarbon fuels. It refers to the specific set of geological disciplines that are applied to the search for hydrocarbons (oil exploration). Petroleum geology is principally concerned with the evaluation of seven key elements in sedimentary basins: They are source, Reservoir, seal, Trap, Timing, Maturation Migration. Oil (shown in red) accumulates against the seal, to the depth of the base of the seal. Any further oil migrating in from the source will escape to the surface and seep. A fold in geology is when one or a stack of originally flat and planar surfaces, such as sedimentary strata, are bent or curved as a result of deformation by pressures from faults and other forces of nature. There are many ways the field of Geology contributes to the Petroleum Industry. The varied disciplines of Geology explore the history of the Earth itself in hopes of understanding in greater detail where oil comes from and where more oil might be found, as well as the best ways to retrieve oil and utilize it once it has been retrieved. It is the application of geology (the study of rocks) to the exploration for and production of oil and gas. 


  • Elements of petroleum geology
  • Geological controls on hydrocarbon distribution
  • Biological makers in fossil fuel production
  • Low-permeability oil field development and pressure sensitive effects

Related Conference of Petroleum Geology

September 16-17, 2019

5th International Conference on GIS and Remote Sensing

Venue : Holiday Inn Rome Aurelia / Rome, Italy
October 21-22, 2019

5th International Conference on Geosciences and Remote Sensing

Amsterdam, Netherlands
November 11-12, 2019

3rd Annual Congress on Soil, Plant and Water Sciences

Madrid, Spain
November 26-27, 2019

Global Summit on Earth Science and Climate Change

Lisbon, Portugal

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